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EDU Support Blackboard Instructor Assignments, Assessments & Exams Step 2: Construction of your exam Create closed questions

Create closed questions

The test can be used for a combination of open and closed questions. Closed questions, such as multiple choice, multiple answer, fill in the blank, hot spot, calculated numeric, matching and ordering questions are graded automatically.

If you would like to use only essay questions, we advise you to create a question with the type ‘Essay Assignment’. The ‘Essay Assignment’ has a better backup system for the students and is easier to grade.

This manual explains how you can create questions one by one. If you have multiple questions, you can upload them all at once by using Respondus or Nestor.


Create test

  1. To create a test, go to the folder ‘Exam/Tentamen’ and choose Add Test.

  2. Click on Create by ‘Create a New test ‘. 

  3. Fill in the text boxes.

  • ‘Name’: the name of the test. The students will click on this title to start the test.

  • ‘Description’: a short description of the test. The students will see the description before starting the test.

  • ‘Instructions’: fill in the instructions for the students, for example ‘only one answer is correct’. The students will see the instructions during the test. 

After you have entered everything, click Submit. 


Choose and create the questions 

After creating the empty test, you can start making the questions. There are several question types you can use. All question types are explained below. The questions most often used during digital testing have been further elaborated.

  • Calculated Formula: present students with a question that requires them to make a calculation and respond with a numeric answer. The numbers in the question change with each student and are pulled from a range that you set. The correct answer is a specific value or a range of values. You may grant partial credit for answers that fall within a range. Calculated Formula questions are graded automatically.

  • Calculated Numeric: students are presented with a question that requires a numeric answer. The question doesn't need to be a mathematical formula.

  • Either/Or: students are presented with a statement and asked to respond from two-choice answers: Yes/No, Agree/Disagree, Right/Wrong, True/False. Either/Or questions are graded automatically.

  • Essay: students are required to type an answer in a text box. You must grade these questions manually.

  • File Response: students upload a file from their computers as the answer to the question. You must grade these questions manually.

  • Fill in Multiple Blanks: students view text that can contain up to 10 blanks. You can add a maximum of 100 answers for each blank. Students type the appropriate word or phrase for each blank. Fill in the Multiple Blank questions are graded automatically.

  • Fill in the Blank: consists of a phrase, sentence, or paragraph with a single blank space where a student provides the missing word or words. The maximum number of answers you can provide for a blank is 100. Fill in the Blank questions are graded automatically.

  • Hot Spot: students are presented with an image and select a particular area as the answer. Hot Spot questions are graded automatically.
    You can upload the image file from your computer or link to it from Course Files or the Content Collection. Accepted images files include GIF, JIF, JPG, JPEG, PNG, TIFF, and WMF. Although no limitations exist, consider the size of the image and make adjustments with an image editing application before you upload the file.

  • Jumbled Sentence: students select words or phrases from a menu to complete a sentence. The same menu appears for all blanks and can include both correct answers and distractors. You can add a maximum of 100 answers in the menu. Jumbled Sentence questions are graded automatically.

  • Matching: students pair items in one column to items in another column. The number of items in each column doesn’t have to be equal because you can reuse answers and add unmatched answer choices. Unmatched answer choices are distractors that don’t match any item and increase the question's difficulty. Some instructors use distractors so students can’t guess at answers by the process of elimination. Matching questions are graded automatically.

  • Multiple Answer: comparable to Multiple Choice, but you use this type of question when more than one answer is correct. Multiple Answer questions are graded automatically.

  • Multiple Choice: students select one correct answer from several choices. Multiple Choice questions are graded automatically.

  • Opinion Scale/Likert: measure students' attitudes or reactions with a comparable scale. By default, five answer choices appear that range from Strongly Agree to Strongly Disagree. A sixth option lets students select Not Applicable. You can change the text of the answer choices and adjust the number of answers from 2 to 100. Opinion Scale/ Likert questions are graded automatically.

  • Ordering: students select the correct order of a series of items. Ordering questions are graded automatically.

  • Quiz Bowl: students are presented with an answer and they provide the question. Student responses must be in the form of a question that begins with an interrogative, such as who, what, or where. Quiz Bowl questions are graded automatically.

  • Short Answer: student responses aren't limited in length, but the number of rows you set for the text box helps students know your expectations. The maximum number of rows is six. You must grade Short Answer questions manually.

  • True/False: students choose true or false in response to a statement question. True/False questions are graded automatically.


Fill in the Blank 

  1. Type the question text as students will see it, but replace the missing information with variables in square brackets. Bracketed variables appear as text boxes to students. You can add one text box for the question type ‘Fill in the Blank’.

    For example: [a] is the mean ingredient of this medication. 

  2. Fill in the Blank questions are graded automatically. Answers are scored based on whether student answers match the correct answers you provide. You choose the evaluation method for answers: Exact match or Contains part of the correct answer or Matches a pattern that you specify.

    To add more than one answer, select from the Number of Answers menu—up to 100. To delete an answer, select Remove.

  3. Select Submit and Create Another or Submit to add the question to the test.

If you want to add audio, video, pdf or an image to the question, you can click here for an instruction how to do that.

Fill in the Multiple Blanks

  1. Type the question text as students will see it, but replace the missing information with variables in square brackets. Bracketed variables appear as text boxes to students. The maximum is 10 boxes.

    For example: [a] many years ago was the [b] period. 

  2. Select Allow Partial Credit if you want to give each correct answer an equal fraction of the total point value.

    Click on Next

  3. Type the answers. You can add more than one possible answer—up to 100—for a single variable. Select Exact Match, Contains, or Pattern Match from each answer's menu to specify how it will be evaluated against the student's answer.

    Select the Case Sensitive check box if capitalization matters.

  4. Select Submit and Create Another or Submit to add the question to the test.

Hot Spot

  1. Type the question text in the field ‘Question Text’.

  2. Select Browse My Computer to upload a file from your computer. You can also upload a file from the course's storage repository. 

  3. On the next page, the image appears. Press and drag the mouse pointer to create a rectangle over the correct answer. When students select a point within the rectangle, they receive credit for a correct answer. The area of the hot spot is defined by pixels. If needed, select Clear to remove the rectangle and start again.

  4. Select Submit and Create Another or Submit to add the question to the test.

Jumbled Sentence

  1. Type the question text as students will see it, but replace the missing information with variables in square brackets.

    For example: [a] many years ago was the [b] period. 

  2. Type answers in the Answer boxes. You can include only correct answers or both correct answers and distractors. On the next page, you select the correct answer for each variable.
    Reminder: The same answer choices appear for each blank. 

  3. Select Allow Partial Credit if you want to give each correct answer a fraction of the total point value.

    Select Next.


    Use the menu to select the correct answer for each variable.

  4. Select Submit and Create Another or Submit to add the question to the test.

Matching 

  1. Type the question in the ‘Question Text’ field. 

  2. You can allow partial and negative credit for Matching questions. Partial credit rewards students whose answers demonstrate that they know some of the material. You type the partial credit percentage for each answer. Use negative credit to discourage guessing. You can allow negative scores for incorrect answers and for the question.

  3. Select ‘Answer Numbering’ from the menu or leave the default.

  4. Select the ‘Number of Questions’ from the menu. The default number of question items is four and the maximum is 100. If you want fewer than four question items, you can select Remove above a question's editor.

  5. Type question and answer pairs. You can reuse an answer from another pair. Below an answer field, select the check box: Reuse answer choice from and make a selection in the menu.

  6. Optionally, you can select Add unmatched answer choices and choose a number. Unmatched answer choices can increase the question's difficulty.

    ‘Answer Order’ is set to Randomly by default. You can choose Manually to press and drag answers to the positions you want them to appear.

  7. Select Submit and Create Another or Submit to add the question to the test.

Multiple Answer 

  1. Type the question in the ‘Question Text’ field. 

  2. Select ‘Answer Numbering’ and ‘Answer Orientation’ from the menus or leave the defaults. By default, there is no answer numbering and the answers will be shown vertically. 

    If you would like to give the student a partial credit, tick the box in front of ‘Allow Partial Credit’. If you select this option, the option ‘Allow Negative Scores for Incorrect Answers’ appears. You can use negative credit to discourage guessing.

    If you would like to show the answers in a random order, tick the box at the option ‘Show Answers in Random Order’. 

  3. Fill in the answer in each answer field. To select the correct answers, select the Correct check box for each answer.

    The default number of answers is four. If you want to increase this, select the Number of Answers from the menu. To reduce the number of answers, select Remove next to the answer boxes to delete them. A Multiple Answer question must have at least two answers and no more than 100 answers.

  4. Select Submit and Create Another or Submit to add the question to the test.

Multiple Choice 

  1. Type the question in the ‘Question Text’ field. 

  2. Select ‘Answer Numbering’ and ‘Answer Orientation’ from the menus or leave the defaults. By default, there is no answer numbering and the answers will be shown vertically.

    If you would like to give the student a partial credit, tick the box in front of ‘Allow Partial Credit’. If you select this option, the option ‘Allow Negative Scores for Incorrect Answers’ appears. You can use negative credit to discourage guessing.

    If you would like to show the answers in a random order, tick the box at the option ‘Show Answers in Random Order’. 

  3. Fill in the answer in each answer field. Select the Correct check box for the correct answer.

    The default number of answers is four. If you want to increase this, select the Number of Answers from the menu. To reduce the number of answers, select Remove next to the answer boxes to delete them. A Multiple Answer question must have at least two answers and no more than 100 answers.

  4. Select Submit and Create Another or Submit to add the question to the test.

Ordering

  1. Type the question in the ‘Question Text’ field. 

  2. Select ‘Answer Numbering’ from the menu or leave the default.

    By default partial credit is turned on. If you allow partial credit, students are awarded partial credit if they answer part of the question correctly. 

  3. Fill in the answer in each answer field. Type the answers in the correct order. In the next page the display order will be set.

    The default number of answers is four. If you want to increase this, select the ‘Number of Answers’ from the menu. To reduce the number of answers, select Remove next to the answer boxes to delete them. An Ordering question must have at least two answers and no more than 100 answers.

    Select Next. 

  4. Press and drag the answers in the ‘Display Order’ column to determine how they appear.

  5. Select Submit and Create Another or Submit to add the question to the test.


Add the test and choose your settings

When you have finished constructing the questions, you can add the test to the folder 'Exam / Tentamen'.

  1. When you are finished with the last question, scroll to the bottom of the page and click in the right corner on Ok

  2. Select your test in the overview ‘Add an Existing Test’ and click on Submit. 

  3. A new window appears, here you can select the settings. If you want to do this at a different time, scroll down and click Submit. 

  4. This manual explains all options of the test: how to use a timer, due date, a password, results and feedback etcetera. Below you will find a brief overview of the most important options.

  • ‘All at Once’: this will present all the questions on one screen. Students scroll through all the questions and can move up and down from question to question. When selected, you may not choose ‘Prohibit Backtracking’.

  • ‘One at a Time’: display one question at a time. The screen includes navigation tools to move between questions. The Submit function only appears on the last page of the test or survey. You may also select ‘Prohibit Backtracking’. 

  • ‘Prohibit Backtracking’: Prevent students from going back to questions they have already answered. If you don't allow backtracking, questions are presented one at a time.

  • ‘Randomize Questions’: Display questions in a random order for each student and each time the test is taken. 

5. When you are done selecting the settings, click Submit. The test is now added to the folder ‘Exam/ Tentamen’.


Whom to contact?

For further information about exams and the help we can provide, please email our team at digitaaltoetsen@rug.nl.

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Last modified: 19 November 02:10 pm
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